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Study in Canada

Official name: Canada

Currency: Canadian Dollar
Area: 9,976,185 square kilometers (3,851,809 square miles)
Highest point on mainland: Mount Logan (5,959 meters/19,551 feet)
Lowest point on land: Sea level
Hemispheres: Northern and Western
Time zone: Newfoundland: 8:30 A.M. = noon GMT; New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Prince Edward Island, and eastern
Quebec: 8 A.M. = noon GMT; Ontario east of 90° and western Quebec: 7 A.M. = noon GMT; western Ontario and
Manitoba: 6 A.M. = noon GMT; Alberta and Saskatchewan: 5 A.M. = noon GMT; British Columbia and Yukon Territory: 4 A.M. = noon GMT
Longest distances: 5,187 kilometers (3,223 miles) from east to west; 4,627 kilometers (2,875 miles) from north to south
Land boundaries: 8,893 kilometers (5,526 miles) total boundary length;
United States (mainland), 6,416 kilometers (3,987 miles); the state of Alaska, 2,477 kilometers (1,539 miles)
Coastline: 243,791 kilometers (151,485 miles)
Territorial sea limits: 22 kilometers (12 nautical miles)

The education system in Canada encompasses both publicly-funded and private schools, including: community colleges/ technical institutes, career colleges, language schools, secondary schools, summer camps, universities and university colleges. Education is a provincial responsibility under the Canadian constitution, which means there are significant differences between the education systems of the different provinces. However, education is important to Canadians, and standards across the country are uniformly high.
Education institutions are not officially ranked in Canada, but you will find quality institutions across the country. When choosing your school in Canada, consider the type, size and location of the institution. If you are interested in a particular area of study, investigate which schools have more to offer in that discipline.
Canada is a federation of ten provinces (Alberta, British Columbia, Manitoba, New Brunswick, Newfoundland and Labrador, Nova Scotia, Ontario, Prince Edward Island, Quebec, and Saskatchewan) and three territories (Northwest Territories, Yukon, and Nunavut). Formally considered a constitutional monarchy, Canada is governed by its own House of Commons. While the governor-general is officially the representative of Queen Elizabeth II, in reality the governor-general acts only on the advice of the Canadian prime minister.
Canada is one of the wealthiest states of the world; the gross domestic product (GDP) of Canada is about 1432,140 Billion. US dollars, so the state is GDP rank 14 worldwide. In purchasing power parity, Canada is up to 1265.838 billion dollars in 13th place.
Canada is considered a social market economy, but the economic margin for maneuver is very large, in the “Index of Economic Freedom,” of the Heritage Foundation Canada will be rated higher than most western European countries and slightly lower than the USA. As in other developed countries the Canadian economy is dominated by the services sector. The primary sector anyways is above average, which is due to the abundance of natural resources and their exploitation.
Even though only 8% of the Canadian area is used for agriculture, Canada is one of the world’s largest exporters of agricultural products. The Canadian agriculture can be divided into five main groups: Primarily intended for export are cereals and oil seeds (34% of agricultural income) and meat products and live cattle (27%). Destined for the domestic market are dairy products (12%), fruit and vegetables from the garden (9%) and poultry and eggs (8%). The undertakings are highly modernized and mechanized. Canada is the second largest country on earth, covering an area of 10 million square kilometers (3.9 million square miles). Three oceans border Canada: the Pacific Ocean in the west, the Atlantic Ocean in the east, and the Arctic Ocean to the north. Altogether, Canada has over 200,000 kilometers (125,000 miles) of coastline. Canada shares two borders with the United States: a very long border in the south and another long frontier in the northwest.
Summer lasts from around June to September and the weather varies from warm to hot, with daytime temperatures between 20 and 30 degrees Celsius or Centigrade (68 and 86 degrees Fahrenheit) or higher. In southern Ontario and Quebec it can often be very humid. Fall and spring are transition seasons during which the weather becomes progressively colder or warmer and much of the annual rainfall occurs.
Winter is very cold in most places; with temperatures often well below zero degrees Celsius or Centigrade (32 degrees Fahrenheit). Snow covers the ground from around December to March or April. An exception is southwest British Columbia (including the cities of Victoria and Vancouver) where winter temperatures generally remain above zero degrees and rain is more common than snow. Ottawa, the capital city of Canada, is located on the Ottawa River on the border between Ontario and Quebec. It is Canada’s fourth largest city. Canada has 10 provinces and three territories, each with its own capital city. The three largest cities in Canada are Toronto (Ontario), Montréal (Quebec) and Vancouver (British Columbia). The total population of these cities is over 10 million people (almost one-third of the Canadian population).
Canada is the world's second-largest country by total area and the largest North American country. Canada extends from the Pacific to the Atlantic and north to the Arctic Ocean. The United States-Canadian border is the longest land border in the world. In 2015, Canada has an estimated population of 35.87 million, which ranks 37th in the world. A census was conducted in Canada on 10 May 2011.Preliminary figures released on 8 February 2012showed that the officially recorded population of Canada was 33,476,688. Today, Canada has an estimated population of 35.87 million. Canada is one of the most sparsely populated countries in the world, with much of its land inhospitable. The country's population density is just 3 people per square kilometer (8/square mile), which ranks 228th in the world.
The cost of living in Canada is high, but when compared to other parts of the world, such as Western Europe, it is relatively cheaper.
There are significant differences in the cost of living in Canada between rural areas and major cities such as Torontoor Vancouver, which can be very expensive. It is important to note however that there are differences in incomes between cities, provinces, and of course, sectors. The highest paid sectors in Canada are mining and oil/gas drilling and work in the utilities - water, electricity, and telecommunications. On the other hand, expats working in the accommodation and food services, arts, entertainment and recreation sectors tend to have lower salaries.
Accommodation (monthly rent in good area)
Furnished two-bedroom house CAD 3,000
Unfurnished two-bedroom house CAD 2,500
Furnished two-bedroom apartment CAD 1,700
Unfurnished two-bedroom apartment CAD 1,500
Milk (1 litre) CAD 3
Loaf of white bread CAD 2.82
Fresh whole chicken (kg) CAD 7.80
Rice (1kg) CAD 4.28
Dozen eggs CAD 4.99
Pack of cigarettes (Marlboro) CAD 10.50
Eating out
Big Mac meal CAD 8
Coca Cola (500ml) CAD 2
Cappuccino CAD 3.70
Bottle of beer (local) CAD 6
Three-course meal at mid-range restaurant CAD 40
Utilities (monthly)
Mobile call rate (per minute - mobile to mobile) CAD 0.40
Internet (uncapped ADSL or cable) CAD 60
Electricity CAD 150
Hourly rate for domestic worker CA
D 20 Transportation
Taxi rate/km CAD 1.94
City centre bus/train fare CAD 3
Petrol (per litre) CAD 1.31